Community Inclusion Resources

Peer Reviewed Articles

  • Salzer, M.S., Tunner, T. & Charney, N.J. (2004). “A Low-Cost, Telephone Intervention to Enhance Schizophrenia Treatment: A Demonstration Study.” Schizophrenia Research, 66, 75-76.
  • Salzer, M.S., Kaplan, K. & Atay, J. (2006). “State Psychiatric Hospital Census After the 1999 Olmstead Decision: Evidence of Decelerating Deinstitutionalization.” Psychiatric Services, 57 (10).
  • Salzer, M.S. Evans & Arthur C. (2006). “CATIE and the Value of Atypical Antipsychotics in the Context of Creating a Recovery-Oriented Behavioral Health System.” Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 33, 536–540.
  • Stanhope, V., Solomon, P., Pernell-Arnold, A., Sands, R. & Bourjolly, J. (2005). “Evaluating cultural competence among behavioral health professionals.” Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28, 225-233.


Wellways Well Together

In Spring 2016, The Temple Collaborative spent a week in Australia bringing one of that nation’s major community mental health providers – Wellways – up-to-date on the emerging research findings and best practices models to promote community inclusion for individuals with mental health conditions. To inform its ongoing initiative to transform services in Melbourne, Tasmania, and Canberra into a ‘next generation’ provider and advocacy organization, Wellways funded the Collaborative to develop agency-specific products and trainings. These trainings and products offered a current look at the fundamental principles of community inclusion and implementation strategies that help make engagement in community life a reality for those living with mental health conditions.

The Temple Collaborative’s Director, Mark Salzer, and Knowledge Translation Director, Richard Baron, prepared a 120 page overview of: a) the definitions of community inclusion and documented justifications for making community inclusion a priority service development focus; b) the theoretical justifications for promoting community inclusion for individuals with disabilities; c) eleven core principles of community inclusion policies, programs, and practices and their research origins; and d) and a multi-sided view of community inclusion from consumer and family, clinical and rehabilitation, and community perspectives.

Dr. Salzer and Mr. Baron then joined Wellways consumers, executives, staff, board, and community members for a week in May 2016, for a series of public discussions and plenary presentations, and small change-oriented training programs in Melbourne, Tasmania, and the national capitol of Canberra. Wellway’s response was enthusiastic – at both executive and direct service levels – and planning initiatives are now underway both to broaden the commitment of the agency to community inclusion outcomes and to engage and support individuals and organizations that can help to establish ‘welcoming communities’ throughout the region.


Behavioral Health Managed Care Entities: Important Partnerships in Promoting Community Inclusion

This toolkit suggests a dozen practical strategies that behavioral managed care companies (BHMC) can use to facilitate the participation of service participation in the life of their communities, and provides readings and key resources  for the BHMC’s to use in these initiatives – including revised mission statements, staff training options, program evaluation tools, etc.

Community Participation and Inclusion: Shifting Perspectives on Quality Measures

This monograph reviews recommendations from the Temple Collaborative that encourage the behavioral managed care industry, as well as federal, state, and local mental health administrators to systematically assess the community participation needs of service recipients and the success of provider agencies in meeting those needs

Inclusion in Research

One of the core activities of the TU Collaborative is conducting research in order to develop cutting-edge knowledge and tools to promote the inclusion and participation of individuals with psychiatric disabilities. We believe individuals with psychiatric disabilities have a right to be included in all aspects of the research process, including as a participant in studies. Sometimes, Institutional Review Boards (IRB) doubt whether this population is competent to participate in research. This brief document was developed to help researchers develop consent procedures that 1) ensure participants understand study procedures and 2) demonstrate this population has the capacity to consent to research participation.

Pioneer Center Report

The Pioneer Center for Human Services, in McHenry (IL) has been working with the Temple University Collaborative Consulting Service for the past few years to help them broaden and strengthen their commitment to mental health services focused on community inclusion outcomes. In the Summer of 2015, the Pioneer Center asked Temple to conduct an evaluation of their community inclusion policies, programs, and practices, which resulted in both a ‘formative evaluation report detailing their progress thus far and a 15-minute video that captures the voices of service recipients, provider staff, agency administrators, and community members with regard to their engagement in community inclusion programming. We also created a video for this project, which features interviews from community members and industry that you can watch.

Over the past two years, the Pioneer Center has indeed re-invented itself, working more closely than ever with individual service recipients to help them set and meet new goals focused on community participation. The Center has retrained staff, hired new ‘community inclusion specialists,’ identified public and philanthropic funds to support its new initiative, and begun to revise its mission. Although this emphasis on what is now referred to as ‘community inclusion’ had begun as a special initiative, community inclusion is now the framework for a broader and deeper re-orientation of Pioneer Center’s fundamental goals. This report provides an early look at and assessment of Pioneer Center’s progress in that regard. (with quotes from service recipients, staff, and Pioneer Center executive leadership).


Serving Individuals With Psychiatric Disabilities In Centers For Independent Living

This revised publication from the Temple University Collaborative on Community Inclusion of Individuals with Psychiatric Disabilities provides Center for Independent Living staff with clear and current information to help them better respond to the needs of people in recovery from mental illnesses. Developed in conjunction with CIL staff and mental health consumers from around the country, the revised Fact Sheet – first issued last year – provides brief responses to twelve frequently asked questions as well as online linkages to websites with more detailed information and instruction for each topic. The publication is designed both for individual CIL staff and for use in CIL staff training programs focusing on this growing portion of the CIL consumer base.

Funding the Future: Managing Your Money and Building Your Assets

This toolkit addresses one of the most important components of community inclusion, managing your money. Based on information gathered from a national survey of rehabilitation programs and consumer-run services, this new publication not only addresses the fundamentals of financial literacy but also offers three asset building strategies. Such strategies include getting a job, beginning a savings program and starting your own business. Additionally, Funding Your Future provides various resources and program models from around the nation for consumers to learn more about this area of community living.

Community Integration: Supporting People in Getting What They Want
This online course – six half-hour segments on the definition, principles and major program models of community integration – and featuring presentations by Temple University Collaborative staff and consultants, powerpoint presentations, homework assignments and reading lists – is available from

Managing Risk In Community Inclusion: Promoting the Dignity of Risk & Personal Choice

This 52 page document provides an introduction to the concepts of community inclusion, the types of risk – to consumers, agencies, and communities – that are of concern, and effective strategies to anticipate, minimize, and grapple with risk in ways that continue to promote personal dignity and choice – with a series of useful instruments to plan ahead.

An Introduction to the Principles of Community Integration

In 2009, the Temple University Collaborative led a two-part webcast, sponsored by the United States Psychiatric Rehabilitation Association (USPRA), on the principles and practices of community inclusion. The first 90-minute session – reviewing key principles and their research base – can be accessed at or by contacting USPRA directly.

Bringing Community Integration to Life

This is the second part of the 2009 USPRA-sponsoring two-part webcast on community inclusion. The 90-minute session focuses on innovative practices in the domains of employment, housing, religion, social life, and consumer-run programming, among other areas. The session can be accessed at or by contacting USPRA directly.

NYAPRS 5th Annual Executive Seminar on Systems Transformation: Presentation Summaries

The New York Association of Psychiatric Rehabilitation Services ( held its 5th annual executive seminar on service transformation policies, integrated care programs and practices, and community inclusion strategies in April 2009. Proceeding of the two-day event – in the form of PowerPoint presentations and handouts – are provided in this compendium.

Cultural Competence in Mental Health

This brief document discusses discrimination based on age, gender, sexual orientation, disability status, class, and religion, with suggestions on how service provides can incorporate cultural competency standards into their daily practice, with an emphasis on how culture plays an important role in how people with mental illnesses express themselves, cope with stress, and meet life’s challenges.

Reducing Prejudice and Discrimination

This brief ‘community inclusion toolkit’ provides an overview of the current research into the prejudice and discrimination faced by people with psychiatric disabilities in community settings, and offers recommendations for effective strategies – for consumers and staff – in building more supportive communities.

What Is Community Integration?

This brief document provides an overview of the emerging fields of community integration and community inclusion: it discusses the basic principles of community inclusion, it’s importance to the recovery process for people with psychiatric disabilities, and the strategies consumers and staff can use – with help from the Temple Collaborative – in promoting inclusion strategies.

Philadelphia DBH/MRS Tools for Transformation: Community Integration

This document is one of a series of resource packets produced by the Philadelphia Department of Behavioral Health to provide a greater understanding of key recovery concepts for persons in recovery, their family members, service providers, and City staff – a useful training tool as an introduction to recovery and its importance in program design.

The Careers of the Direct Support Workforce in the MH, DD, and SA Service Delivery Systems.

Focusing on the entry-level workforce in mental health systems, this report provides a portrait of the demographic characteristics, job roles and responsibilities, compensations, tenure and job satisfaction of the behavioral health frontline workforce, with recommendations that address training opportunities and varied career development challenges.

Increasing the Community Presence and Participation of People with MH and DD Disabilities

This fourteen-page document provides a series of strategies for promoting community inclusion and addressing the barriers to greater participation in multiple aspects – domains – of community life, based on a two-day seminar on community integration at a community mental health center in Des Moine, IOWA in 2006.

Specific Strategies to Help Make Community Integration a Reality

This compendium of twenty-one specific community integration strategies, across several core life domains, provides guidance to consumers, family members, and public and private agencies in generating new program directions: each of the twenty-one strategies has half-a-dozen implementation steps to provide a starting point for program transformation.

Into the Thick of Things: Connecting Consumers to Community Life

This 50-page compendium of three-dozen community inclusion initiatives currently provided by a national sample of consumer-run programs for people with psychiatric disabilities provides an inspiring set of alternatives that consumer-run agencies can use as a resource for transforming their own programs – with very helpful contact information for each spotlighted agency.